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Tengah memperjuangkan hidup dan mencari keadilan dari pemerintah

Jenis-jenis Teks

OPINI | 25 May 2012 | 15:44 Dibaca: 1379   Komentar: 0   0

Descriptive Teks

Teks Descriptive adalah teks yang mendeskripsikan benda, orang, atau tempat secara spesifik

a. Generic structure

· Identification        : pendahuluan tentang apa dan siapa yang dideskripsikan

· Description            : berisi ciri-ciri khusus yang dimiliki benda, tempat atau orang yang

dideskripsikan

b. Language features

· Simple present

Pattern/Pola

+) S + V1(s/es) + O

- ) S + don’t/doesn’t + V1 + O

? ) Do/does + S + V1 + O ?

Contoh

Hi friends! This is my friend Miranda. She comes from Sulawesi. She was born in Makasar on June 12, 1980. Her hobbies are singing and swimming. She also likes planting flowers very much. She lives at 12 Jalan Jaya. She lives together with her parents and two sisters. The are Mr. And Mrs. Yudhatama, sherina and Tiara. Miranda studies at SMP 7. Her older sister is in the first of SMA, and Tiara is still in SD. They all love one another.

Procedure Text

Teks Descriptive adalah teks yang bertujuan menerangkan bagaimana membuat atau melakukan sesuatu berdasarkan serangkaian langkah-langkah ( steps).

a. Generic structure

· Goal                      : bisa berupa judul

· Material                 : bahan dan alat yang diperlukan. Nmaun, tidak semua teks procedure

memerlukan tahap ini

· Steps                     : langkah-langkah untuk melakukan kegiatan

b. Language features

· Simple present

Pattern/Pola

+) S + V1(s/es) + O

- ) S + don’t/doesn’t + V1 + O

? ) Do/does + S + V1 + O ?

· Temporal conjunction seperti: first, second, then, next, finally etc.

Cth : How to make a cup of coffee

Ingredients      : coffee, sugar, hot water

Materials         : a spoon, a cup

Steps               : first prepare a cup and a spoon, then put some coffe and sugar to the cup, after that

Stir well until enough. Finally a cup of coffee is ready to drink.

Recount Text

Teks Recount adalah teks yang bercerita tentang peristiwa yang telah berlalu. Biasanya lebih fokus pada pengalaman pribadi (personal experience).

a. Generic structure

· Orientation            : pendahuluan tentang tokoh yang ada dalam cerita tersebut, apa, dimana

dan kapan peristiwa itu terjadi

· Events                   : berisi runtutan peristiwa/kejadian yang ada dalam cerita pengalaman

Tersebut. Bisa terjadi dari beberapa peristiwa

· Re-orientation       : rangkuman atau penutup cerita bersifat optional (kadang ada/tidak)

b. Communicative purpose (tujuan komunikasi)

· To retell past event (untuk menceritakan kembali kejadian lampau)

c. Language features

· Past tense

Pattern/Pola

+) S + V2(s/es) + O + Time signal (ket waktu)

- ) S + didn’t + V1 + O + Time signal ( ket waktu)

? ) Do/does + S + V2 + O  + Time signal ( ket waktu) ?

Time signal : yesterday, last……, ……ago

Cth :

I had my adolescence when I was thirteen.

It started with acne that showed up on my face. It was very annoying. It lowered my self-esteem  and I was embrassed to come out of my house and play with friends. Fortunately, my Mum gave me a good medicine. In three weeks, the acnes started to vanish although those showed some black spots in my face.

That was my bad experience with adolescence, though there were still lots of goos experience too

Narrative text

Teks Narrative adalah teks yang berupa legenda (legend), mitos (myth), cerita hewan (fable), dan dongeng folklore) atau mungkin cerpen (short story).

a. Generic structure

· Orientation            : memperkenalkan tokoh-tokoh (character) dalam cerita, latar (setting)

dan waktu (when)

· Complication         : masalah yang dihadapi oleh tokoh

· Resolution             : penyelesaian masalah dan akhir sebuah cerita

· Coda                    : pesan moral (bersifat optional kadang ada/tidak)

b. Communicative purpose (tujuan komunikasi)

· To entertaint the readers (untuk menghibur pembaca)

c. Language features

· Past tense

Pattern/Pola

+) S + V2(s/es) + O + Time signal (ket waktu)

- ) S + didn’t + V1 + O + Time signal ( ket waktu)

? ) Do/does + S + V2 + O  + Time signal ( ket waktu) ?

Time signal : yesterday, last……, ……ago

Cth :

One day a crow was very tired and thirsty. He looked everywhere to find some water, but there was not any. Then, he found a tall jar with a very low water in it. His short billcould not reach the water. Soon, he filled the jar with stones. So, the water came up the higher. At last, he drank the water as much as he liked.

News Item

Dalam kehidupan sehari-hari kalian pasti mau tahu tentang berita yang lagi up to date? Makanya kalian pasti sering menonton TV yang menyajikan berita, baik itu berita faktual maupun hanya gosip belaka. Kalian mungkin jarang ,e,baca koran tapi saya yakin kalau setidaknya kalian akan melirik headline yang terpampang jelas di emperan jalan. Adalah manusia yang mau tau tentang segala hal.

News item adalah teks yang berhubungan dengan berita. Kita bisa menemukan teks News item dalam acara liputan berita yang berupa listening text baik itu diradio maupaun di TV. Untuk teks tertulis bisa kita temukan di koran atau majalah.

Truss apa tujuan teks News item? To inform the reader or listener. Yang jelas tujuan News item adalah untuk menginformasikan berita ke pembaca atau pendengar. Tujuan kalian baca atau dengar berita untuk mendapatkan informasi dari sumber yang jelas. Agar teks yang dihasilkan dapat dengan muah dimengerti pembaca atau pendengar ada 3 tahapan yang harus ada dalam teks tersebut yaitu

1. Menuliskan inti berita atau peristiwa yang dianggap penting (Newsworthy event)

2. Menuliskan latar belakang atau sebab terjadinya peristiwa tersebut (background event)

3. Menuliskan sumber berita, biasanya berisitentang kutipan dari nara sumber yang biasanya saksi mata ataupun pejabat terkait yang berhubungan dengan peristiwa tersebut (Sources)

Sukhoi victims’ identification concluded: Police

The Jakarta Post, Jakarta | Sun, 05/20/2012 6:31 PM

Mission accomplished: Visitors traverse a walkway near the Sukanto Police Hospital’s forensic department in Jakarta on Sunday. The National Police’s Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) unit has concluded the identification process of the 45 people onboard a Sukhoi Superjet 100 that crashed into Mt. Salak in Bogor, West, Java, on May 9. (JP/ Jerry Adiguna)

The National Police’s Disaster Victim Identification (DVI) unit has concluded the identification process of the 45 people onboard the ill-fated Sukhoi Superjet 100. All of the remains have been identified.

“The identification process has been concluded,” National Police medical unit chief Brig. Gen. Musadeq Ishak told a press conference on Sunday.

He said that the team needed more time to reconcile the remains before handing them over to the families.

“We will notify the victims’ families and they can see the remains on Tuesday at the Soekanto Police Hospital before we close the caskets. They can retrieve them on Wednesday at the Halim Perdanakusuma Airbase,” he said.

Musadeq said the DVI team had used various methods during the process, including fingerprint identifications, forensic pathology, forensic anthropology and odontology.

According to the team, of 45 victims, 31 were men and 14 were women. There were 35 Indonesian nationals among the identified victims.

The Russian-made aircraft slammed into Mt. Salak in Bogor, West Java, on May 9 while flying an exhibition flight. (aml/swd)

Chelsea beats Bayern Munich in penalty shootout

Graham Dunbar, Associated Press, Munich | Sun, 05/20/2012 4:35 AM

Didier Drogba scored the decisive goal in the shootout and Chelsea beat Bayern Munich to win the Champions League final after a dramatic 1-1 draw on Saturday.

Drogba sent goalkeeper Manuel Neuer the wrong way in front of massed Bayern fans in their home Allianz Arena. Bayern’s Bastian Schweinsteiger missed the previous penalty, hitting the goalpost.

The shootout was needed after Chelsea goalkeeper Petr Cech saved Arjen Robben’s spot-kick early in extra time.

It was awarded for a foul by Chelsea’s talismanic forward Drogba, whose 88th-minute header tied it.

After 83 minutes of Bayern domination, Thomas Mueller broke dogged Chelsea resistance with a header past the outstanding Cech.

Chelsea got its first Champions League title, four years after losing in a shootout to Manchester United.

Drogba drama key to Chelsea’s glory

Graham Dunbar, Associated Press, Munich | Sun, 05/20/2012 11:25 AM

Bayern head coach Jupp Heynckes, left, congratulates Chelsea’s Didier Drogba after Chelsea won the Champions League final soccer match between Bayern Munich and Chelsea in Munich, Germany on Saturday. (AP/Matthias Schrader)

When Didier Drogba completed Chelsea’s quest for a Champions League title on Saturday, he did it in his unique way as a true diva of world football.

Drogba scored the decisive penalty to defeat Bayern Munich in the shootout, after earning Chelsea an unlikely reprieve with an 88th-minute headed goal to level at 1-1 in a match dominated by a German side that made its home stadium advantage count.

The 34-year-old talisman’s typically theatrical performance heaped extra plotlines on the story of Chelsea’s remarkable Champions League season, which has played out at an operatic intensity since losing 3-1 to Napoli in a last 16, first-leg match in February.

The club’s Russian owner Roman Abramovich — whose craving for a Champions League title since 2003 is routinely described as a holy grail — soon responded by firing coach Andre Villas-Boas and promoting assistant Roberto di Matteo, albeit with just an interim tag.

Di Matteo responded by masterminding a stirring comeback against Napoli, defeat of Benfica and the epic rearguard action to eliminate Barcelona in the semifinals.

“The way we turned things around against Napoli, Barcelona, I think we deserve this trophy,” Drogba said. “The last kick of the season and what a way to do it now.”

Abramovich now has the fascinating decision of whether to reward Di Matteo by entrusting his billion-dollar investment to the 41-year-old Italian on a permanent basis.

“Football, like life, is unpredictable and crazy,” Di Matteo said. “Nobody could have predicted the last three months. To finish like this is incredible. Whatever the future holds for me, I’d be happy.”

Abramovich might consider how the interim coach helped protect the club’s business plan. Victory Saturday sealed Chelsea’s last remaining route, as title holder, into next season’s competition and retaining the elite status and finances that follow.

The owner, who clapped and sang along as one of the fans’ anthems, “The Liquidator,” pounded the Allianz Arena sound system close to midnight, must also decide what contract to offer Drogba after his current deal expires next month.

For this final was billed as possibly Drogba’s final game for the club after eight years of exceptional service in west London.

“We can’t take decisions on moments like this, on emotions,” the Ivory Coast forward said.

As against Barcelona, on Saturday Drogba led the attack alone as Chelsea was starved of possession, drew fouls where he could and came alive at the merest hint of a chance to score.

For good measure, he conceded the extra-time penalty which his former Chelsea teammate Arjen Robben then struck too close to Petr Cech, helping the outstanding Czech goalkeeper earn best supporting actor honors.

“When we have this guy in goal you have to believe,” Drogba said.

Cech, who was exceptional in Barcelona, saved Robben’s powerful 21st-minute shot, deflecting the ball on to his right post and handled perfectly when any Bayern effort breached the wall of defensive bodies in front of him that has been a trademark of Chelsea’s campaign.

“They played the way they can at the moment. They fought, they played well defensively. They deserved it,” Bayern coach Jupp Heynckes said.

When Bayern led 3-2 in the shootout, after Juan Mata’s opening kick was saved by German goalkeeper Manuel Neuer, Cech dived to his left to palm away substitute Ivica Olic’s attempt.

After Ashley Cole, who also had an excellent match, levelled the shootout, Bayern’s signature player, Bastian Schweinsteiger stepped up.

Schweinsteiger had scored the winning goal in the semifinals shootout against Real Madrid — extending the club’s run of never losing on penalties in European competition — but pushed his shot on to the left post, then covered his face with his shirt.

Drogba stepped up, placed his kick in the bottom right corner as Neuer dived left, and wheeled away to hug Cech and await the adulation of their onrushing teammates.

He succeeded where his captain John Terry, who was suspended for Saturday’s finale, failed in missing the fifth penalty in a shootout four years ago that allowed Manchester United to win an all-English final.

That defeat in Moscow fuelled the legend of Abramovich’s craving to win, and his players’ desire for redemption in probably their last shot at the trophy.

Chelsea’s quest looked hopeless for much of the game, and certainly after Thomas Mueller broke dogged resistance with a header past Cech in the 83rd minute.

Mueller’s goal sparked delirious celebrations among the Bayern players and fans who believed they were destined to win their home final.

They underestimated Chelsea’s admirable resolve, and five minutes later Drogba soared to score with a header from Mata’s corner.

Yet Drogba’s taste for the dramatic flared up in the third minute of extra time, as he clipped Franck Ribery’s heels in the penalty area, ending the Frenchman’s night through injury.

Referee Pedro Proenca’s decision to point to the spot seemed to stun the Bayern fans, and their anxiety was well founded.

Robben fired low to Cech’s left, and the Czech ‘keeper blocked with his arm and body, then reached across to collect the loose ball.

Bayern came agonizingly close in the 108th, when substitute Olic slipped the ball across the goalmouth but teammate Daniel van Buyten failed to anticipate the simple tap-in.

But Chelsea would not be denied, as Drogba recalled the Moscow heartbreak, and four other semifinal defeats.

“Always so close and so far, and today the cup is going to Stamford Bridge, and this is the best ever,” Drogba said.

___

Lineups:

Bayern Munich: Manuel Neuer, Philipp Lahm, Anatoliy Tymoshchuk, Jerome Boateng, Diego Contento, Bastian Schweinsteiger, Toni Kroos, Arjen Robben, Thomas Mueller (Daniel van Buyten, 87), Franck Ribery (Ivica Olic, 97), Mario Gomez.

Chelsea: Petr Cech, Jose Bosingwa, David Luiz, Gary Cahill, Ashley Cole, John Obi Mikel, Frank Lampard, Salomon Kalou (Fernando Torres, 84), Juan Mata, Ryan Bertrand (Florent Malouda, 73), Didier Drogba.

Sumber : Konsep Jitu Bahasa Inggris, Hidayatullah, S.Pd.

 
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